Done CEO, president arrested, charged with $100M fraud on Adderall distribution in first Federal case on telemedicine prescribing (updated)

Done effectively done at the C-level, but not done in business yet. Last Thursday, Ruthia He, the founder/CEO, and David Brody, listed as the clinical president of Done Global (Done), were arrested in California on a Federal indictment filed in the US District Court for the Northern District of California. They are charged with providing easy online teleprescription access to Adderall and other Schedule II stimulants through patients paying a monthly subscription fee and skirted the normal restrictions provided in the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and other regulations. By providing easy access and raising subscription fees, He and Brody are charged with generating over $100 million in revenue by arranging for the prescription of over 40 million pills from 2020 into 2023, during the pandemic when the Ryan Haight requirements were temporarily suspended by the DEA. 

Given the multiple counts of conspiracy to distribute controlled substances and distribution of controlled substances, the charges may earn them a maximum 20 years in Federal prison. One would also expect a clawback of payments made by subscribers, health plans, and Federal programs. The latter two, according to the DOJ release, amount to $14 million alone.

The Done indictment is the first Federal prosecution of criminal drug distribution related to telemedicine prescribing by a digital health company. In the 2020-2023 period, Done was a seed stage company, cited in the indictment as misrepresenting its size. Its current backers are Craft Ventures, F7 Ventures, and Offline Ventures but no additional rounds are listed on Crunchbase or other sources. He was a former product designer at Facebook and she was involved as an investor in or founder of various startups before Done according to her LinkedIn profile. David Brody, MD, is a psychiatrist listed as the chief medical officer of Connectix Health and as a self-employed consultant in Collaboration Care, with no reference to a position at Done. 

According to the Department of Justice release, He and Brody:

  • Targeted drug-seeking users through social media buys in the tens of millions of dollars.
  • Intentionally structured the Done platform to facilitate access to Adderall and other stimulants. This is evident from their current website which emphasizes ADHD. 
  • Instructed Done prescribers to prescribe Adderall and other stimulants even if the Done member did not qualify or they were not medically necessary. They also mandated that initial encounters would be under 30 minutes. 
  • He put into place a monthly auto-refill function for subscribers without further check-ins.
  • Discouraged Done prescribers from follow-up care. The compensation structure for prescribers solely paid on the number of patients receiving prescriptions–not for medical visits, telemedicine consults, or time spent after the initial consult.  
  • Conspired to defraud pharmacies, Medicare, Medicaid, and commercial insurers by dispensing Adderall and other stimulants to Done members, who also continued to pay subscription fees.

Further, “He and Brody allegedly persisted in the conspiracy even after being made aware that material was posted on online social networks about how to use Done to obtain easy access to Adderall and other stimulants, and that Done members had overdosed and died.” 

Done was singled out in June of 2022 when Cerebral was facing Federal investigation and a grand jury subpoena, actions that continue today but haven’t proceeded to an indictment. At that time, Truepill (also under DEA scrutiny on Schedule II, TTA 22 Dec 2022), CVS, and Walmart Health refused to fill prescriptions by both Cerebral and Done. With Cerebral facing investigation, Done wasn’t far behind. By September 2022, according to The Wall Street Journal, Done was being investigated by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). The Verge

He and Brody are charged with reacting to that investigation by obstructing justice: deleting documents and other communications, encrypting their messages versus using company email, and failing to produce documents to a Federal grand jury.

Despite Cerebral’s far higher profile and volume, even with an ongoing investigation not only on prescribing but also on ad trackers [TTA 9 Feb 2023], the prosecution of Done’s head executives on criminal drug distribution charges is the first brought by the Justice Department against a digital health company for violations related to the CSA and drug prescribing regulations plus fraud.

In this Editor’s view, the relaxation of teleprescribing Schedule II drugs for three years invited abuse. Done may be the first, but it won’t be the last. See the prediction 8 July 2022 made by a former state ADA that both the Feds and states won’t stop at prescribing but will go on to telehealth billing (scroll to last item).

Done has not made any statements directly to press to date, save a short statement on their website:

Done Global strongly disagrees with the criminal charges filed last week against our founder, Ruthia He, and Dr. David Brody, which are based on events that principally occurred between February 2020 and January 2023. Since our founding, Done Global has worked to make mental health care accessible for tens of thousands of Americans trapped in a spiraling national crisis. Done Global will continue to operate – and do everything in our power to ensure that tens of thousands Americans that rely on us do not lose access to their mental health care. At the same time, we will continue to support our clinicians as they exercise independent clinical judgment, practice evidence-based medicine, and provide best-in-class health care.

Update: This statement has been expanded since our original article. Notably, the company declares that “Done is fully aligned with the Drug Enforcement Administration and the Department of Justice on eliminating drug abuse in America” and that they have protocols in place to prevent abuse. Done is also committed to continuing normal operations. Full text is here. David Brody is still listed as clinical president on the medical team page. Ruthia He is not listed on the website at all nor are other company leaders. Press releases posted on the site end in 2022.

Mobihealthnews and Fierce Healthcare essentially recap the DOJ release. The Verge includes the text of the 22-page indictment at the end of their article. 

Editor’s Note: On 30 May, TTA included a Perspectives article on collaborative care authored by Sussan Nwogwugwu, DNP, PMHNP, Clinical Leader at Done. This contributed article was non-promotional and primarily about alleviating clinician burnout. It briefly mentions technology in telehealth with one mention of ADHD as an example.

Categories: Latest News and Opinion.


  1. Melinda Jane Rogers

    You need to provide access of doctors in office to treat those who need mental health. ADHD is a serious issue and it must be treated.